Sunday, September 15, 2019
Global Mobility Introduction Globalization is an essential part of business. Global markets, customers, and talent pools are fundamental to the growth plans of many, perhaps most, companies. Regardless of whether they operate in mature or rapidly developing markets, companies today have a critical need for speed and efficiency to move dozens, hundreds, or often thousands of professionals, technical specialists, managers, and executives around the world, far from their home offices.To prepare for and respond to opportunities in global production, research and development, and innovation, as well as to optimize customer sales, service, and growth, companies need the ability to get the right people to the right places at the right cost Ã¢â¬â quickly and efficiently. Companies also face an ever-increasing need to attract, develop, deploy, and retain employees and leaders who know how to think and operate globally. Global workforce and global mobility has become more important than eve r to companies. Global mobility and workforce strategyAn effective global mobility management requires a formal strategy that focuses on a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s long-term global talent needs instead of simply reacting to individual opportunities as they arise. A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s global mobility and workforce strategy should be integrated with its business strategy, talent strategy, and workforce planning efforts. It should include both short- and long-term assignments while balancing the businessÃ¢â¬â¢ need for speci? c technical skills with its talent development needs for a more globally prepared workforce.The global mobility function should use its specialized knowledge and capabilities to help shape the mobility strategy and govern related investments and execution. An effective Global mobility program should address the following issues: 1. Global employee rewards Expatriate rewards should address the barriers to global mobility, and align with the actual value of each assignment. They should highlight career development and personal growth along with compensation and bene? ts.As far as is practical, expatriate rewards programs should be integrated with Ã¢â¬Å"regularÃ¢â¬ rewards programs and generally administered by HR as part of its ongoing operations. This would free up the global mobility function to use its specialized capabilities to help design expatriate rewards programs and customize rewards for a portfolio of international moves and situations. 2. Global mobility service delivery An effective global mobility program should be able to support businesses and assignees with high-quality service that is cost-effective and consistent.Integrating global mobility service delivery with a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s broader HR processes and infrastructure Ã¢â¬â particularly in areas such as basic HR support and talent management Ã¢â¬â can reduce costs and produce greater business value. Given the scale and increasingly central role of global mobility as well as global HR and talent, the time has come to integrate global mobility with global HR and to leverage a global HR services platform where practical. Meanwhile, the global mobility function can use its specialized knowledge to provide business leaders and managers with focused advice on mobility strategies and key assignments. . Technology As global work and global mobility become a more common part of the workforceÃ¢â¬â¢s experience, HR information systems (HRISs) should incorporate support for these programs and activities as well as integrate global mobility and assignee data into the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s general HR databases. Companies should be careful when creating specialized global mobility applications that are not integrated into the HR and talent work? ow and require signi? cant resources to operate and maintain. The global mobility function has historically been responsible for managing and administering every detail of an international assignment.But as global mobility b ecomes a standard business practice, this all-encompassing, stand-alone approach may not work. The good news is that widespread adoption of globally integrated HR service delivery models and technology has created an opportunity for the global mobility function to shift many of its routine administrative responsibilities to HR and talent operations. This will enable the global mobility function to focus on deploying global talent more strategically, helping the company make smarter moves.Most organizations segment international assignments based on duration: short-term, long-term, and permanent. BAI has three types of assignments; Long Term, Short Term and Commuter assignments. Ã¢â¬â A Long Term assignment is for a minimum of 12 months but no more than four years, on an accompanied basis Ã¢â¬â A Short Term assignment is for a minimum of 3 months and a maximum of 12 months, on a single unaccompanied basis. Ã¢â¬â A commuter assignment is for a minimum of 3 months to a maximum of four years, on an unaccompanied basis. Commuters live in one country but work primarily in anotherDeloitte design a framework, called Smart Moves, to categorize international assignment based on two key dimensions: business value and development value (See figure 1 below). This multi-dimensional can help companies in ensuring that the level of support it gives to an assignees is justified based on the expected business value of their assignment that is also categorised ad Ã¢â¬ËLearning experienceÃ¢â¬â¢, meaning that the assignee is expected to bear some of the costs associated with the move in exchange for valuable global experience and personal growth.In addition, the framework also identify ways to use global mobility to develop the next generation of leaders, thus helping the organization meet both its current and future talent needs. Companies have long used global mobility programs to move employees around the world, but never to the extent that is required today. For m any organizations, growth and even survival hinges on penetrating rapidly growing and emerging markets unlocked by globalization. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s a tough challenge, especially when the critical opportunities and critical talent re often not in the same country. To a large extent, future success for many companies will depend on how well they can connect their talent with their most pro? table and strategically important business opportunities, wherever they may be. To this end, the global mobility function is now being asked to do more than simply ? ll international positions. Companies are starting to view global mobility programs as a way to pursue key talent development goals.For example, organizations are sending promising leadership candidates abroad so they can develop the global experience and perspective necessary to lead in a global economy. In addition, employees themselves Ã¢â¬â especially those in the younger generations Ã¢â¬â increasingly expect employers to offer t hem opportunities to work outside their home country. To be effective, a company must ? nd ways to provide the kinds of international opportunities that harness its employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ enthusiasm, enhance their engagement, build their skills, and deliver long-term business valueTo manage global mobility effectively, companies must master and integrate four essential building blocks: strategy, rewards, service delivery, and technology (Figure 2) [pic] (Fig2. Essential Building Blocks) Global mobility and workforce strategy Effective global mobility requires a formal strategy that focuses on a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s long-term business needs and global talent priorities rather than simply reacting to individual opportunities as they arise. Global employee rewardsGlobal employee rewards should align with the value of each assignment, meet the needs of assignees, and help break down barriers to global mobility with programs that reflect the value of the many different possible types of assignmen ts. Also, they should focus on career development and personal growth, not just compensation and benefits for the duration of the assignment. An effective Global employee rewards should: ? Differentiate employee compensation, benefits, and support packages according to the value of each assignment type. Promote the value of learning and career development, not just compensation and benefits ? Harmonize rewards programs to reduce mobility barriers ? Apply innovative approaches to participants in state-sponsored and private benefits programs. ? Share the cost of global assignments and mobility between employees and employers Global mobility service delivery An effective global mobility program should be able to support the business and assignees with high-quality service that is cost-effective, consistent, and easy to use, manage, and administer.Technology Using technology effectively to support global moves can help reduce costs while improving service quality and compliance. It also enables business leaders to make better, more informed mobility decisions. International assignment Lifecycle Achieving the highest development value of an international assignment doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t happen automatically. It requires a deliberate and conscious effort to tailor a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s talent management programs, strategies, and practices to the different needs of each participant.The key to achieving expected results is taking a holistic approach that spans the entire assignment lifecycle (Figure 3). The starting point is to help employees develop a clear career path. This should happen well in advance of any foreign assignment. [pic] (Fig. 3 Assignment lifecycle) Once an appropriate assignment has been found, the company must help the employee understand the objectives of the assignment and develop a strong support system if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t already have one in place.That means helping the employee create new connections in the host organization, while maintaining strong c onnections back home; providing customized mentoring services to help the employee be effective while on assignment; making sure the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s family is comfortable in the new environment; and, as the end of the assignment draws near, helping the employee find an appropriate position that takes advantage of newly acquired skills and experience.Conclusion In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s increasingly global marketplace, companies canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to treat global mobility as a niche activity that requires special handling. They need to develop standard global mobility capabilities that are fast, cost-efficient, effective, and repeatable. They also need to use international assignments as a way to develop their next generation of leaders. The traditional one-size-fits-all approach to global mobility is no longer good enough.Global businesses need a full range of options to address a variety of situations, from strategic assignments to commodity jobs Ã¢â¬â and everything in between. An e ffective global mobility program must offer services and options that fi t the needs of the business and its employees, delivering high value at a low cost. At the same time, it must address critical issues such as regulatory compliance and tax, which can prevent a business from using global mobility to its advantage.Going forward, global business will be the primary source of growth for many companies. Organizations will source talent from all over the world. And international assignments will be business as usual. To achieve desired results in this new environment, companies will need to dramatically improve their global mobility capabilities. Reference 1. Global Mobility by Deloitte. Available on http://www. deloitte. com/assets/Dcom-UnitedStates/Local%20Assets/Documents/IMOs/Talent/us_talent_SmarterMoves_062410. pdf. Accessed on 11/03/2013.
Saturday, September 14, 2019
Abigail ; Mary Warren In this essay I will explore the characters of both Mary and Abigail. These two seem to be within the same circle of friends however have to complete different personalities. However with one being a leader and the other a follower they match perfectly. In the last scenes towards the end of the play we start to see a stronger side towards Mary Warren. She enters the court with intentions of speaking the truth of what happened, to tell the court that they all lied about seeing the devil.However eventually she stops coming across as strong minded and starts to show her real timid side who doesn't like to be Ã¢â¬Ëleft outÃ¢â¬â¢ or seen as an outcast. Whereas AbigailÃ¢â¬â¢s character is shown to be very strong minded and conniving she always strives for what she wants. In one of the scenes we see Abigail trying to seduce ex flame Proctor, during this it is clear to see that proctor is indeed finding this hard to keep away however he does manage to stick to No and not retaliating.In the court we see another side to her, where she is fighting for her life and doesn't care who she takes down with her, this is shown by calling out to a big yellow bird as referring to it as Mary, and telling us that this bird wants to destroy her face. Abigail is portrayed to be a leader, she has her group of Ã¢â¬ËfriendsÃ¢â¬â¢ who look up to her and rely on her. This is shown twice throughout the play, the first time is when the girls go to meet her at the beside if Betty and after hearing of witchcraft in town a couple of the girls immediately go to Abby asking for help/advise on what they should say.On the other hand, Mary Warren is portrayed as a follower. This shows that she is a weak minded person. She always needs someone there to push her or to defend her. This is shown at it strongest when at the last scene in the court, Mary leave the house with proctor with intentions of telling the courts the truth and to talk about how they all lied about dan cing with spirits etc however it is then reversed when Abigail turns all the other irls against Mary and trying to make the judges believe that there is a big huge yellow bird that Mary has sent to deface her, after about 2-3 minutes of this the girls catch on and also start to join in with mimicking Mary and making the people of the court believe that Mary has sent her soul out to get them. At this point Mary is petrified and doesn't know what it is that she is to do. In the end she ends up following Abigail and the girls and puts all the blame on proctor, blaming him for bringing her here, and saying that he too has made a pact with the devil.
Friday, September 13, 2019
Research Proposal for Marketing in the Cruise Ship industry - Essay Example While the American cruise industry has had a head start, the European Cruise Council (ECC) claims that Europe recently has become the centre of gravity for the cruise industry of the world with a record of 4 million travellers. The United Kingdom has one of the largest sources of market for European cruises which has a share of 1.3 million passengers for the year 2007 (ETN, 2008). However, with the setting in of global recession, the UK cruise industry has also been hard hit with a fall in travellers overseas as compared to other countries in Europe. Companies which deal with cruise tours have been hard hit with no option but to continue with scheduled tours. Industrialists consider these situations grave, and are of the view that they should shut down supply by cancelling bookings. Others, owners of cruise lines such as Carnival, Seatrade, and MSC Cruises especially, are of the view that companies need to continue in order to survive the meltdown (holidayinsider.com, 2009). In such hard times, it is critical that companies change their approaches to management and marketing. This is a tricky business when considering the structure and operation of cruise businesses. By and large the cruise ship industry has been one of the fastest growing industries with a brief history of growth stemming from during 1970s in the North America, even though its origin had been European. The style of service delivery, product, management and plans for tours are different from the usual customer service oriented industries. This is because the nature of the cruise industry is perishable; that is once the cruise is underway the value of the room booked ends. Cruise lines depend entirely on their passengers to generate revenue as well as operation. It is highly demand elastic which makes it one of the most volatile industries in the world. Companies,
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Advantages and disadvantages of the commercial use of strong cryptographic products - Essay Example Private keys are not supposed to be revealed or transmitted to any other individual. On the other hand, secret-key systems have to be transmitted through a communication channel or manually since the same key used for decryption is also used for encryption. In this case, the might be serious threat of an enemy discovering the secret key when it is being transmitted (Guo and Jin 2011). In addition public-key systems can provide signatures digitally thus preventing repudiation. During authentication through secret-key systems, there is the need of sharing secrets and in other cases it requires the involvement of a third party. This third party can go against the other members and repudiate a message that was previously authenticated and claim the shared secret was compromised. For example, a company may involve a central database that keeps copies in its secret-key system authentication. If this central database is attacked, a widespread forgery on the product of this company would occur. Public-key authentication can prevent this forgery and secure the products of the company. Cryptography has the disadvantage of speed during encryption. Some encryptions methods are faster than others but they take time to encrypt. In order to maximally reduce the time used during encryption, it is advisable to combine several methods to obtain security advantages and speed. This is done by using public-key systems together with secret-key systems. Public key-systems have the advantage of security while secret key systems have the advantage of speed. This protocol is normally referred to as digital envelope (Mollin 2001). The creation of the code used in the encryption and decryption process takes time. For one to figure out the best code to use they have to be an expert in that field and at the same time is patient. This makes the process of make the process of cryptography a hectic and tiring one. In the past sending a code from one person
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Sustainable design - Essay Example Sustainability involves all spheres of life and none of the spheres could be ignored as these spheres are interrelated. Sustainability involves development of an ecologically aware, socially just and economically responsible society (Web: "What is Sustainability & Why Is It so Important"). Sustainability as defined by World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) is, "forms of progress that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs" (Web: "Definition For Sustainability"). Sustainability is imperative in order to assure that a constant supply of water, material and resources will be available to prevent health and well being of the living beings and on the other hand to protect the environment from hazards (Web: "Sustainability"). E.g. A continuous water wastage may lead to water scarcity for future generations. However, it is destined to desalinate saltwater, with sustainable use of water one can postpone the fat ed time. 2. How is sustainability a new way of thinking? How is it related to ecology and systems thinking? Sustainability enables one to think in a novel way. It enables one to understand the balance between society and natural resources as natural resources play vital role for the existence of life on the planet. However, the natural capital stock and services of ecological systems contribute for the welfare of human beings (directly or indirectly) and represent the economy of earth. Estimations reveal that economic value for the whole biosphere approximates to US$ 16-54 trillion per annum. It is essential to understand the estimates to make the services of ecosystems apparent, to highlight the magnitude of global ecosystem services, to understand the areas seeking urgent attention, motivate research and debate. It could be concluded that problems and uncertainties are attributed to the representation of minimum values. Ecosystem involves habitat and biological systems. Living bei ngs derive food (goods) from the ecosystem while services in the form of waste assimilation, together they are referred as ecosystem services. E.g. natural resources provide job prospects to many while living forms fulfill some part of the nature's requirement (Costanza et al., 1997). 3. How can designers integrate principles of sustainability into their designs and promote the sustainability movement? Why are the social and cultural aspects of sustainability so important? A growing concern is observed regarding appreciation of nature among the policy makers and decision maker in private companies to transform an unsustainable system to a sustainable system by involving the fundamental that economic growth is not solely a social event but it is also an environmental episode. Thereby, igniting a feeling to focus on green economy to make certain a sustainable as well as desirable future. Therefore social and cultural aspects of sustainability is imperative in order to promote social e quality, eradication of poverty and to secure future of the coming generations in terms of natural resources. Such focus is further harmonized by means of biodiversity as well as ecosystem services, since resilient ecosystem is essential for long-term socio-economic development (Web: "Nature And Its Role In The Transition To A Green Economy"). Principles of Sustainable Design and Pollution Prevention (Kim, 1998) Economy of Resources- Strategies include conservation of energy, water and
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Symbolism and Metaphor in Poetry - Essay Example Ã¢â¬Å"Black graniteÃ¢â¬ symbolizes the hard and unbreakable nature of the poet. In the second stanza of the poem Facing It by Yusef K. (1988), Ã¢â¬Å"My clouded reflection eyes me like a bird of preyÃ¢â¬ is symbolism in simile form. Here the poet symbolizes how bad and shameful he feels when he recalls the past suffering days that are not worth remembering. Ã¢â¬Å"LightÃ¢â¬ has been used to express hope for a good future. The poet also says Ã¢â¬Å"The profile of night slanted against morningÃ¢â¬ . Night here symbolizes the bad past which highly depends on a brighter future which is symbolized by morning. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m a windowÃ¢â¬ is another instance of metaphor in the poem Facing It by Yusef K. (1988). Window is used to show that by looking at the poet, people remember the past. Ã¢â¬Å"SmokeÃ¢â¬ has also been used in the fourth stanza to imply faded and unclear letters. This shows that he is desperate in his options.Ã¢â¬Å"Red birdÃ¢â¬â¢swingsÃ¢â¬ is used in the fifth stanza to symbolize a plane. Ã¢â¬Å"Black mirrorÃ¢â¬ has also been used in the sixth stanza of the poem as a symbol of a reflection of the hard times in the past. From the use of symbolism and metaphor in the poem Facing It by Yusef K. (1988), different themes are clearly brought out. The theme of hope and expectation is brought out when the poet says he is Ã¢â¬Å"depending on the light to make a differenceÃ¢â¬ . He hopes morning will come and he will make changes where he can. The theme of racism is also evident. Ã¢â¬Å"A white vetÃ¢â¬â¢s image floatsÃ¢â¬ is used to symbolize that the white are highly rated to the extent of using plane than the blacks who only deal with stones as shown by Ã¢â¬Å"My black face fades hiding inside the black graniteÃ¢â¬ . It is clear that the black are viewed as people with no abilities to do anything substantial. In conclusion, symbolism and metaphor are essential aspects of poetry as explained by Timpane J. Watts M. & San Francisco State
Monday, September 9, 2019
Book Report Asian Americans - Essay Example Considerably, this fact is noticeably evident in her book thus aiming to show how much importance there is in need of being placed so as to be able to describe and define a society that lives within another society and how that particular matter affects the people in a rather direct manner. In the society, cultural diversity is an evident and become dominant concept wherein it commonly affects the social structures and processes in the society. This is mainly because cultural diversity significantly cause the society to be segregated into their respective social minority groups with their cultural differences serving as the gap and blocking wall between these groups. In addition, cultural diversity also has caused certain negative social problems such as discrimination and oppression worsening the difficulty of social separation. Because of which, the negative aspect of multiculturalism and the social tension it has produced should be sufficiently addressed. Different social groups and institutions are making different steps and approaches to bridge the gap of multiculturalism in every individual and social minority. ... addition, community groups are also establishing social groups and institutions that request participation from different cultural groups giving them a chance to communicate and relate to other groups tearing down themselves the walls created by multiculturalism. These programs and community efforts are established to promote communication and social involvement of each social minority in the campaign to address social unity. Multiculturalism in the present society serves as a hindering wall thus, this hindrance must be torn down using intercultural communication and social participation. Intervention must also be done in facilitating cooperative approaches to ensure its advantage. With this approach implemented, society as a whole would be one-step closer in making a harmonious relationship between culturally diversified social groups. With the growth of worldwide globalization systems, it could not be denied that many people are transferring from one country to another. Some for business reasons, some for educational reasons and others just transfer for tourism purposes. Whatever it is that the different races transfer places, it could not be denied that in many ways, the said progressive movement of the human society towards the future raises several points of consideration in the human identity belonging to a certain ethnic group. Along with the global development come the exchange of culture and other aspects of racial contributions such as language have been exchanged through immigration activities. This is the reason why it is very important for people to see to it that even though there is so much diversity in the world, language is still one of the keys by which a certain race's ethnicity could be identified amidst diversity. In many continents around the